Chía

BENEFITS FROM THE ADDITION
OF CHIA SEEDS IN OUR DIET

more <b>antioxidants</b> than Blueberries
2 times

more antioxidants than Blueberries

more <b>fiber</b> than oat
3 times

more fiber than oat

more <b>antioxidants</b> than oranges
9 times

more antioxidants than oranges

more <b>magnesium</b> than nuts
2 times

more magnesium than nuts

more <b>iron</b> than spinach
4 times

more iron than spinach

Since the Hispanic appeared, its importance has almost disappeared. However, nowadays the chia seed is demanded by the food and pharmacy industry due to its properties, which are inserted in the trend of having healthier food.

more <b>Omega 3</b> than atlantic salmon
10 times

more Omega 3 than atlantic salmon

more <b>phosphorus</b> than whole milk
8 times

more phosphorus than whole milk

more <b>magnesium</b> than broccoli
14 times

more magnesium than broccoli

 more <b>potasium</b> than bananas
2 times

more potasium than bananas

more <b>selenium</b> than linen
3 times

more selenium than linen

PROPERTIES

PROTEIN FUNCTIONS

  • Proteins are part of body structures; they give the necessary material for growing and restoring body organs and tissues.
  • Regulating function: some proteins collaborate on the regulation of cells activity.
  • Defensive function: Proteins are part of the immune system or body defenses, antibodies, and immunoglobulin.
  • Transportation of substances function: proteins transport fats (apoproteins) oxygen (hemoglobin), they also facilitate the entry of substances like glucose, amino acids, etc. to the cell.
  • Energetic function: when the supply of hydrocarbon and fat results insufficient to fulfill the energetic needs of the body. Proteins amino acids are used as energetic fuel (1gr. Of protein gives 4 Kcal).

NUTRIOTIONAL PROPERTIES OF CHIA

FLAVONOLS
Kaempferol, myricetin, quercetin.
ACID
Chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid.
PHYTOSTEROLS
beta-sitosterol
MINERALS
The most highlighted is calcium, having it an important role in the prevention of osteoporosis in all stages of life. It is a seed rich in zinc, antioxidant mineral; and elements such as copper and manganese.
VITAMINS
Like other oil seeds, chia is naturally rich in vitamin E, a natural antioxidant from fat. It also has a considerable contribution of niacin and folic acid, important nutrients during pregnancy.
FIBER
38g per 100g of food, being relevant the amount of soluble fiber in the seeds already mentioned in the section on carbohydrates.
FATS
Jwith flax (Linum usitatissimum), is one of the vegetal species with additional omega-3 known. This Omega 3 content makes chia a very healthy seed for people with vascular problems and cholesterol.
PROTEIN
chia seed is high in protein. Compared with other cereals such as rice (8g/100g) or corn (9.42 g/100g), chia has a higher protein content of 16.62 g of protein per 100g of food.
CARBOHYDRATES
Nearly 50% of the seed are complex carbohydrates and fiber.Chia seeds are highly recommended for people with diabetes to help control glucose peaks through a proper diet and a contribution of fiber from chia which regulates the slow absorption of these sugars and carbohydrates.

  • Chia should always be consumed with foods rich in water: a glass of liquid, fruits, salads or vegetables.
  • Water in food helps to form a gel together with the fiber to supply all its benefits.
  • It is recommended to take a tea spoon of chia with a glass of water before each meal. Up to 4 times a day.
  • 1 spoonful of chia gives 5 gr. Of fiber. The total amount of diary fiber consumption recommended in a balanced diet is of 25-30 gr.
Composición de las semillas de chía por 100 gramos
Calories (kcal) 472
Carbohydrates 47,87
Proteins 16,62
Fat (g) 26,25
Of which saturates (g) 10,54
Of which monounsaturated(g) 7,26
Of which polyunsaturated (g) 7,28
Fiber (g) 38
Vitamin B1 or thiamin(mg) 0,87
Vitamin B2 or riboflavin (mg) 0,17
Vitamin B3 or niacin(mg) 5,82
Vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid (mg) 0,94
Vitamin B9 or folic acid(mg) 114
Viamin C (mg) 15,7
Vitamin A (Ul) 36
Calcium (mg) 529
Magnesium (mg) 77
Phosphorus (mg) 604
Potassium (mg) 1031
Sodium (mg) 39
Zinc (mg) 5,32
Cobre (mg) 1,66

Benefits of Chía: full information here

HISTORY

Chia is an edible seed of the Salvia hispanica plant of the mint family that grows abundantly in Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Mexico. Despite the recent popularity, the small black and white seeds were a major component of the Aztec and Mayan diets and were pre-Columbian times the basic survival ration of Aztec warriors.

The existence of chia seeds dates back to 3,500 years BC in Central America and the name comes from the Mayan word "Chia" means strength. Chia seeds were used by the Maya messengers, they could carry in a small bag sufficient to maintain energy during long trips increasing resistance amount.

For the Aztecs, chia was consumed in various foods in the form of grain or meal, in addition to use as a medicine, it was used in many ways such as to stimulate saliva flow, relieve joint pain and soothe irritated skin.

Chia seeds were later replaced by more popular today as seed corn and wheat, until in 1991 a project was initiated to recover lost food where included chia seeds.

FARMING

BOTANIC DESCRIPTION

Chia is an annual herb which may reach up to 2.5 meters high. Its roots are fibrous adventitious in hair. Presents quadrangular pubescent stem. The leaves are oval serrated edges with distinct ribs and measure 4-8 cm. long and 3 to 5 cm. wide. The inflorescence has hermaphrodite with two lips (bilabiada) flowers, violet or white, blue lesser extent and are in clusters or spikes. It flowers from the 2nd half of March and continues through April and May, the flowers give rise to fruits named "indehiscent achene." (distributed over the ears).

The seed is rich in mucilage, starch and oil, is about 2 mm. in length by 1.5 mm. wide. It is oval, glossy, greyish; black and white with irregular spots on its surface.

AGROCLIMATIC
REQUIREMENTS

The cultivation of chia should be set in areas with rainfall between 500 and 1000 mm per year, well distributed, with average temperatures of 28 º C in the growth period, being very sensitive to frost.

Optimal conditions for its development are between 400 and 1000 msnm, the higher altitude, the higher quality of its oil to increase the concentration of omega 3 seed is achieved.

Chia is a crop tolerant to acidity and drought; it requires abundant sunshine and temperature range.

SOIL

Chia is not a demanding crop regarding nutrients; however, its well growth is optimum in soils with high fertility.

Prefers loose soil to medium, well drained and fluffy like most salvias, these conditions allow the roots better and further exploration.

With regard to soil PH are recommended values ​​between 6.5 to 7.5.

SEEDING

Planting density depends on several factors such as: production area, planting date, planting system, ground relief, etc. The average is between 3 to 5 kg per hectare.

TIMES OF SOWING

Seeding is recommended from half of January up to the end of April depending on the zone and country of production and considering the south hemisphere.

COMMERCE